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EXTRACTION AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF Elaeis guineensis SHELL WASTE

Autors:   A. A. Adesibikan, S. S. Emmanuel, O. J. Oluwole

Date:   Apr 11, 2021

Volume:  2

  Issue:  1

Abstract:

Phytochemicals from Elaeis guineensis shell waste can be a source of starting materials in pharmaceutical and food processing industries. Since time immemorial, truckload of Elaeis guineensis shell are being treated as solid waste and the wasted shells are sometimes used by traditional herbalist who believe in the superstition working power of the shell in the treatment of some illness which is attributed to god of Satan (esu) in Southwest geopolitical zone in Nigeria. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical composition of the n-hexane extract of Elaeis guineensis shell waste for the presence of active phytochemicals and to scientifically validate its medicinal actions which was misunderstood by traditional herbalist based on superstition. The result of the phytochemical analysis in this present study revealed the presence of phenolics (11.4 ± 0.2g/100g), flavonoids (5.67 ± 0.23 g/100g), tannins (6.67 ± 0.12 g/100g), terpenoids (4.53 ± 0.12 g/100g), saponins (1.99 ± 0.01 g/100g) and alkaloids (1.81 ± 0.03 g/100g). Quantitatively, the phenolics content was found to be the highest (11.4 ± 0.2g/100g) in the sample while the alkaloids content was the least

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