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  Phytochemical and Proximate Analysis of Dialium Guineense (Velvet Tamarind) Seed
AUTHORS:   C. O. Olawoyin, T. J. Atarase

ABSTRACT
Dialium guineense (Velvet Tamarind) seeds ‘Dawanu’ market, Dawakin Tofa Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria, were collected and qualitatively analysed for phytochemical constituents. The results showed the presence of Alkaloids, Tannins, Cardiac Glycosides. Cardenolides and Steroids were also detected. Saponins and phenols were undetected. The Proximate analysis revealed a composition of 8.32 ± 0.48 Moisture, 2.47 ± 0.02 Ash, 4.41 ± 0.09 Crude Fibre, 18.80 ± 0.11 Crude Protein, 3.69 ± 0.21 Fat Content and 62.31 ± 0.40 Carbohydrates. The significance of the presence of these metabolites was discussed in relation to the seed and also the proximate values. The presence of some phytochemicals explained the medicinal action of the plant encountered in its therapeutic uses.

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April 15, 2022 Issue

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Issue Publication: April 15, 2022